Islamic Architecture | The Nakhchivan Architecture School

The Nakhchivan School of Azerbaijani architecture is named for the architect Ajami Ibn Nakchivani, who lived in the 12th centuryC.E., when Azerbaijan was an independent state (Atabakan-e Adarbayjan) within the Great Seljuk Empire. Nakchivani is famous for designing the tomb of Yusif Ibn Kuseyir, carved with Koranic verses, and the Momine Khatun Mausoleum. Nakchivani favored towers with several identical sides.
Momine Khatun Mausoleum
Momine Khatun Mausoleum,
built 1186-87 C.E., architect: Ajami Nakchivani

Momine Khatun was a wife of Atabek Mohammed Jahan Pahlawan, a 12th-centuryfounder of the Great Atabek State of Azerbaijan. The surface of each side of the tower is covered in detailed ornamental designs.

AZERBAIJANI Architecture

Old City BakuModern Azerbaijan is both a dynamic, progressive nation and an ancient civilization with vibrant traditions and culture. Nowhere is this combination of old and new more evident than in Azerbaijan’s built environment. For example, the architecture of Azerbaijan’s capital city, Baku, beautifully showcases this legacy. While Baku’s office buildings, apartment complexes, and glass skyscrapers mirror modern European design, ”Old City” Baku, known as  Icheri sheher,  features medieval Islamic domes, minarets, and ancient stone walls.

Azerbaijani Radio Hour

The Voice of the Karabakh Foundation, October 2, 2011. Access any of the shows of the Azerbaijani Radio Hour: The Voice of the Karabakh Foundation at