Weaving Structures

Weaving StructuresTwo common weaving methods are “flatweaving” and “pile weaving.” Flatweave designs are made by interlacing vertical and horizontal threads on the loom, whereas pile weave designs are made by tying knots around each intersection of warp and weft. Typically, Azerbaijani weavers use square, or turkbaf, knots, which also are used by weavers in Turkey.

All in the Details

Weaving DetailsCarpet weaving requires extreme attention to detail. Each decision, from knot density to tautness of warp and weft, affects the overall design.

Quality Control

Quality ControlMost appraisers determine the value of a carpet according to four characteristics, as follows: 1) Age, 2) Condition, 3) Fineness of Weave, and 4) Look/Motif. To many appraisers, Age and Condition are significantly more important than Fineness of Weave and Look/Motif.

An appraiser examines a carpet with potential buyers while applying the four criteria.

Clues to a Carpet Origins

Clues to a Carpet OriginsWWeaving experts often can identify where specific carpets were made based on weaving techniques. Different schools employ different twisting methods when converting wool into yarn on the spindle. Experts will notice whether or not the wool is twisted in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction, and how tightly the weft is looped through the warp. Finishing details, such as braided ends, also vary between schools. Some scholars believe that they can distinguish Azerbaijani carpets by noting how the knots are made and packed.